Cameroonian singer Mr Leo on finding the ‘power of our voice’

Mr Leo
Image caption,Mr Leo’s new album will drop in March

Mbolé-pop star Mr Leo’s next musical mission is to break through to English-speaking audiences – and he hopes his new album will do the trick.

The singer-songwriter from Cameroon has been wooing French-speaking West Africa and the diaspora with his melodious love songs and infectious dance tunes since 2015.

Born Fonyuy Leonard Nsohburinka, Mr Leo shot to fame with E Go Betta. That first single was one of the biggest tunes on radio and TV in 2015 – in and out of Cameroon.

He fuses Afrobeats with the country’s home-grown mbolé music, a blend of the rhythms and sounds of Cameroon like makoosa.

He’s won multiple awards – and in 2021 he was selected to be part of the musicians who cast votes for the prestigious Grammys.

Mr Leo’s path into music wasn’t straightforward. As a schoolboy, he joined the school choir – only because that was the only way to spend time with a girl he liked. His father, a stern military man, blocked his path because he wanted his son to be a medical doctor.

But “music chose me”, says Mr Leo.

“Each time I sang, it got me into a place where I really enjoyed myself. I created a world that I could fully control – without my father telling me exactly what to do – and I could just be myself,” he says.

Mr Leo
Image caption,Mr Leo fled his home due to conflict in Cameroon

His third, 14-track album, Good Vibes drops in March – and as its title suggests it is full of positive lyrics and uplifting melodies. He sings in English, French and Lamso.

“I’m all about the One Love spirit, being there when people need and bringing out positivity,” he says.

“I just feel like if this is a gospel that people really preach around the world, it will change something, – because everyone is going through a lot of trying times.”

His music and musical growth has been influenced by the conflict in Cameroon. Since 2017, Cameroon’s mainly English-speaking north-west and south-west regions have seen a guerrilla war between government forces and insurgents fighting for the independence of the region they call Ambazonia.

Mr Leo has been personally affected – like hundreds of thousands other people, he’s been displaced and had to move from his hometown of Buea to the main town of Douala. And many of his friends and acquaintances have been killed.

“It makes me value my time more and it makes me want to do something as an artist,” he says.

“We’re not politicians, we don’t have seats in power – but we do have the power of our voice and the least I can do is use my voice to talk through one or two of my songs.”

What we know about Alexei Navalny’s death in Arctic Circle prison

Alexei Navalny
Image caption,Navalny with his wife, before flying back to Russia and certain arrest after recovering from novichok poisoning

Days after the death of Alexei Navalny was first reported, details about what happened to him remain scarce.

According to Russian accounts, the 47-year-old took a short walk at his Siberian penal colony, said he felt unwell, then collapsed and never regained consciousness.

On Saturday, Navalny’s family confirmed that the political activist died at 14:17 local time (09:17 GMT) on Friday 16 February.

The authorities at the prison where he was held said he suffered “sudden death syndrome”, his team reported. It is not clear if an autopsy has been performed yet on his body.

It is also not clear where his body is. Navalny’s mother Lyudmila, who arrived in the area on Saturday, has now visited the mortuary in the town of Salekhard near the prison, where she was told his body had been taken.

A spokesperson for the politician, Kira Yarmysh, said Lyudmila was not allowed inside the facility and that her son’s lawyer was pushed out of the building. The staff did not confirm whether his body was there.

According to Ms Yarmysh, an investigation by a Russian committee into the death has been extended indefinitely.

She had already been told by officials that Navalny’s body would not be handed over until this was completed.

Ms Yarmysh later said that investigators had told Lyudmila they would not hand over the body for two weeks while they conducted a “chemical analysis”.

Opposition leader appeared in good health before death

Navalny’s condition had deteriorated in his three years in prison, where he complained of being denied medical treatment and had spent almost 300 days in solitary confinement. By the time of his arrest in January 2021, he had spent months recovering from a nerve agent attack.

Even so, he appeared to be in relatively good spirits and health in a court video a day before his death.

The weight of international opinion does not appear to tally with Russia’s account of what happened to him at IK-3, or “Polar Wolf” – one of Russia’s northernmost and toughest prisons.

French Foreign Minister Stéphane Séjourné said Navalny “paid with his life” for his “resistance to Russian oppression”, adding that his death was a reminder of the “reality of Vladimir Putin’s regime”.

Navalny’s mother said her son was “alive, healthy and happy” when she last saw him on 12 February, in a Facebook post quoted by Novaya Gazeta newspaper.

Panji Gumilang dituntut 1,5 tahun penjara dalam kasus penodaan agama

Panji Gumilang
Keterangan gambar,Terdakwa kasus penodaan agama Panji Gumilang menyapa kerabatnya usai sidang pembacaan tuntutan di Pengadilan Negeri Indramayu, Jawa Barat, Kamis (22/02).

Pemimpin Pondok Pesantren Al Zaytun, Panji Gumilang, dituntut satu tahun enam bulan penjara oleh tim jaksa dalam kasus penodaan agama. Tuntutan itu dibacakan pada Kamis (22/02) di Pengadilan Negeri Indramayu, Jawa Barat.

Dalam amar tuntutannya, jaksa menyatakan, Panji Gumilang terbukti melanggar pasal 156 KUHP tentang penodaan agama.

“Dengan sengaja di muka umum mengeluarkan perasaan dan perbuatan yang pada pokoknya bersifat permusuhan menyalahgunakan atau penodaan terhadap suatu agama yang dianut di Indonesia,” kata jaksa Rama Eka Darma di ruang sidang.

Untuk itulah, tim jaksa meminta agar majelis hakim menjatuhkan hukuman pidana selama satu tahun enam bulan penjara kepada Panji Gumilang.

Cara saya merencanakan pemakaman ramah lingkungan untuk diri sendiri

Pemakaman, penguburan ramah lingkungan

Berbagai kegiatan permakaman kita meninggalkan jejak karbon yang tinggi. Becca Warner menggali bagaimana dia dapat merencanakan pemakaman yang lebih ramah lingkungan.

Tidak banyak dari kita yang suka membicarakan kematian. Karena kematian itu sesuatu yang gelap, menyedihkan, dan cenderung melemparkan kita ke dalam lingkaran eksistensial.

Namun, sebagai seseorang yang peduli terhadap lingkungan, kenyataan yang tidak menyenangkan adalah bahwa saya menyadari kalau harus berhenti mengabaikan kenyataan yang ada.

Begitu kita meninggal, tubuh kita perlu pergi ke suatu tempat, dan dengan cara kita membakar atau menguburkan jenazah seperti di negara-negara Barat, hal itu menimbulkan dampak buruk terhadap lingkungan.

Israel-Gaza: On board the plane evacuating injured Palestinians

Palestinians disembark an evacuation flight that has taken them from Egypt to the UAE
Image caption,Palestinians disembark an evacuation flight that has taken them from Egypt to the UAE

Two very different flights in 24 hours, each with the same aim: to alleviate Gaza’s suffering.

The first is the less perilous: an Etihad Airways passenger plane, flight EY750 from Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates. The Boeing 777 has been converted into a virtual flying ambulance with seats in economy turned into hospital beds.

Its mission, paid for by the government of the UAE, is to return civilians who had previously got out after being trapped in Rafah in southern Gaza, in some cases for months, and to evacuate wounded Palestinian children who had crossed from Gaza to al-Arish in Egypt’s northern Sinai.

After hours on the ground, the first evacuees start to make it on board. There is relief on their faces as they make it across the airfield to the plane, but uncertainty too. Many have left family members behind in Gaza.

Among them is 58-year-old Hanaa Hasan Abu Namous. Her hand is badly injured. She says 25 members of her family were killed in an Israeli air strike on their home in the Jabalia refugee camp in northern Gaza.

“During the war they were displaced,” she tells me. “Thirty or 50 of them would come to our house. We are civilians. We never have and never will fight.”

She holds a picture on her phone of shroud-wrapped bodies. They had to be buried together, four or five to a coffin, she says.

An aid worker is carrying a small child across the tarmac
Image caption,The plane evacuated Palestinian children who had crossed from Gaza into Egypt

Sitting a few rows forward is 13-year-old Yazan Wajih Barhum, whose left foot has been partially amputated. He was at a neighbour’s house in Rafah when an Israeli bomb hit, he says.

His seven-year-old brother, Yamen, was hit with shrapnel in the eye and is already in Abu Dhabi. When I ask him when they last saw each other he answers, quick as a flash, “58 days ago”. What are his hopes for the future, I ask.

“To be able to walk on my legs again, get back to how I was, play football with my friends, and for the war to end so I can go back to my country”, he says.

The crew on board, regular airline staff, hand the 25 injured children backpacks with games and a SpongeBob blanket. The kids who are able sit watching cartoons on the entertainment system; some are on stretchers at the back of the plane.

Kiran Sadasivan, the cabin manager, welcomes the children and their chaperones on board, taking pictures with their phones and distributing meals. “This is my tenth mission flight,” he tells me. “And I’ll be on the next one in a few days.”

Also on board is Dr Maha Barakat, the UAE’s assistant foreign affairs minister. A UK-trained doctor, she does not rest during the 20-hour evacuation mission, checking on the patients and medical team and liaising with the Egyptian authorities on the ground.

“The actual day today was clearly a more challenging day than usual,” she says. “There was a particular girl that we were trying to get through – she was in urgent medical need. And she wasn’t able to make it to the border. However, we will have another plane coming in the next few days.”

A member of the aircrew explains the plane's entertainment system to a Palestinian girl with an eyepatch
Image caption,A member of the crew explains the plane’s entertainment system to a Palestinian girl

Not all the Palestinians on the plane are leaving Gaza. Sitting alone, wearing a dark red headscarf and with a small leather handbag at her side is mother-of-three Zahra Mohammed Al-Qeiq. She has leukaemia, and left Gaza a few months ago for treatment in Abu Dhabi. Now she is returning to Rafah.

Isn’t she scared, I ask her.

“The whole period I spent in the Emirates, my kids were crying on calls asking me to come back, saying ‘come back; we will die in Gaza’. I had to stop my treatment and go back to my children,” she says.

Emirati doctors have given her six months of chemotherapy drugs. “I cried every night I was away from home. I have to go back, they are my children,” she says.

First UK aid airdrop

Twenty-four hours later, a Royal Jordanian Airforce cargo plane – “Guts Airline” painted on its side – heads for Gaza at sunset. caption,

Watch as UK aid is dropped from plane into Gaza

The aircrew on board have done this flight a dozen times. As they reach 17,000ft (5,200m), they put on oxygen masks and make final precise adjustments for the drop.

For the first time, the cargo on board is British: four tonnes of supplies, including fuel, medical gear and food rations, to resupply the Jordanian-run field hospital in Gaza City.

Until now Britain has only sent aid by land and sea, but northern Gaza has become almost entirely unreachable. The World Food Programme has suspended deliveries there because its convoys have endured “complete chaos and violence”, it said.

There is a heavy Israeli military presence on the ground. The Jordanian authorities will not disclose what co-ordination is made with Israel to allow the plane to fly overhead without incident.

Israel maintains a tight grip on the aid going into Gaza. Britain and others have complained that only a fraction of the aid needed is making it into the strip. Everything is subject to stringent Israeli checks, to prevent supplies making it inside that would aid Hamas.

Most of the people in this once densely packed part of Gaza have been driven out by Israeli forces, but some 300,000 remain, barely surviving in the most desperate of circumstances. The UN has been warning for months of the threat of famine in northern Gaza.

I watch as the cargo doors opened and the first two pallets of supplies fly off into the black night. The plane banks sharply and turns, and the second two pallets are launched. The Jordanian crew give a thumbs-up and head for home.

It is a small drop in the chasm of Gaza’s need. But this aid sent into the night at least manages to get through; the crew confirms it has landed right on target.

‘Evacuating was a mistake’: Israelis push to return to border homes

Ayelet Khon and Shachar Shnurman walk past the remains of a home in Kibbutz Kfar Aza in southern Israel, on 13 January 2024
Image caption,Ayelet Kohn and Shachar Shnurman are the first to return to Kibbutz Kfar Aza, which was destroyed in the Hamas attack

Ayelet Kohn and Shachar Shnurman harvested the grapefruits this month – a defiant act of normality amid the burnt-out remains of their neighbours’ homes.

The juice, sharp and vivid, is stored in plastic bottles for the weekly barbecues at their home in Kibbutz Kfar Aza. Soldiers are their only guests.

Kfar Aza – only 2km (1.2 miles) from Gaza – was one of the first places targeted by Hamas gunmen on 7 October, in co-ordinated attacks that killed about 1,200 people in southern Israel, and saw more than 240 others taken hostage.

In the days that followed, the community was evacuated to hotels and apartments in other parts of Israel.

Ayelet and Shachar are the first to move back.

“In the evening, it’s very lonely,” Ayelet says. “You used to see people walking along the road, coming in to say hello – obviously that’s not happening now.”

During the day, the kibbutz is full of visiting groups: new army recruits, potential donors, journalists, humanitarian organisations.

Kfar Aza has become a kind of museum – its burned and broken houses left frozen on the day of the attack, their entrances roped-off; debris and belongings scattered across the ground.

Journalists capture images of the destroyed house of released hostage Amit Soussana, at the Kibbutz Kfar Aza, Israel, on 29 January 2024.
Image caption,By day, Kfar Aza is filled with journalists, army recruits and aid organisations. At night, it goes quiet again

When the tour groups leave, the couple sit on their veranda, the silence broken only by the whine of Israeli army drones and the regular boom of outgoing artillery. The kibbutz dark, the houses empty.

Ayelet points to the house opposite and to another further up the road.

“Our next-door neighbour, who was a very good friend, was murdered,” she says. “It’s a constant reminder of all the others.”

So far, they are the only members of the kibbutz to move back full-time.

The shock of 7 October is still fresh for many residents here. And the ongoing war in Gaza, sparked by those attacks, is close enough that the destruction in places like Beit Hanoun is visible from the kibbutz border fence.

The challenge for the Israeli prime minister is how to restore a sense of security, as the costs of the country’s displaced communities – both political and financially – rise, month by month.

After the attacks, 200,000 people were evacuated from Israel’s border areas – both the southern border with Gaza and the northern border with Lebanon, where the Iran-backed group Hezbollah, in support of Hamas, has been exchanging fire with Israeli forces.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu built a political career on being the strongman who could defend Israel from its enemies. Empty border communities are a daily reminder of that failure to protect.

“We bought into the con,” Ayelet says. “Maybe they convinced themselves that what they were saying was the truth. But, obviously, it was a lie. And we all bought into it.”

After the war is over, she says, something will have to change.

“The way the army is [organised], the way the government does business with the Palestinians, maybe the way the world treats the whole situation – a lot will have to change.”

Mr Netanyahu has insisted that only “total victory” in Gaza, and the destruction of Hamas as an organised force, will provide security for Israel in the future.

What is Hamas and why is it fighting with Israel in Gaza?

A woman and child sitting next to a ruined building in Rafah (January 2024)

Israel and the Palestinian group Hamas have been at war since early October.

It began when Hamas gunmen launched an unprecedented attack on Israel from Gaza – the deadliest in Israel’s history.

An Israeli military campaign has followed, which has killed thousands in the Palestinian territory.

What happened during the Hamas attacks on Israel?

On the morning of 7 October, waves of Hamas gunmen stormed across Gaza’s border into Israel, killing about 1,200 people. Hamas also fired thousands of rockets.

Those killed included children, the elderly and 364 young people at a music festival. 

Hamas took more than 250 others to Gaza as hostages.

The BBC has also seen evidence of rape and sexual violence during the Hamas attacks. 

What is Hamas and why is it fighting Israel?

Hamas became the sole ruler of Gaza after violently ejecting political rivals in 2007.

It has an armed wing and was thought to have 30,000 fighters before the start of the war.

The group, whose name stands for Islamic Resistance Movement, wants to create an Islamic state in place of Israel. Hamas rejects Israel’s right to exist and is committed to its destruction.

Hamas justified its attack as a response to what it calls Israeli crimes against the Palestinian people.

These include security raids on Islam’s third holiest site – the al-Aqsa Mosque, in occupied East Jerusalem – and Jewish settlement activity in the occupied West Bank.

Hamas fighters wave a Palestinian flag on top of a captured Israeli tank on 7 October 2023
Image caption,Hamas fighters on an Israeli tank captured in the 7 October attack

Hamas also wants thousands of Palestinian prisoners in Israel to be freed and for an end to the blockade of the Gaza Strip by Israel and Egypt – something both countries say is for security.

It has fought several wars with Israel since it took power, fired thousands of rockets and carried out other deadly attacks.

Israel has repeatedly attacked Hamas with air strikes and sent troops into Gaza in 2008 and 2014.

Hamas, or in some cases its armed wing alone, is considered a terrorist group by Israel, the US, the EU, and the UK, among others.

Iran backs Hamas with funding, weapons and training.

Why is Israel fighting in Gaza?

Israel immediately began a massive campaign of air strikes on targets in Gaza, in response to the Hamas attack

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Israel’s aims were the destruction of Hamas and the return of the hostages.

Israel launched a ground invasion three weeks later. It has also bombarded Gaza from the sea.

Attacks were initially focused on northern Gaza, particularly Gaza City and tunnels beneath it, which Israel said were the centre of military operations by Hamas.

All 1.1 million people living in the north were ordered by Israel to evacuate south for their safety.

Indian airlines ordered to stop baggage delay chaos

Piles of Lost unclaimed luggage at airport as supply chain and employee strike action causes delays and baggage handling shortages. Passengers waiting hours to reclaim their belongings
Image caption,Late baggage delivery has been a persistent problem across Indian airports

Some of India’s top airlines have been ordered to start sending out passengers’ bags within 10 minutes of the plane’s engine shutting down.

The civil aviation ministry has said that passengers’ luggage should be delivered to them within 10 to 30 minutes after landing.

The airlines have until 26 February to comply with the order.

Late baggage delivery has been a persistent problem across airports.

The Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) directed seven airlines, including carriers like Air India, Vistara and IndiGo, to implement necessary measures to ensure timely delivery of baggage.

The directive comes after the aviation ministry monitored the time it took for luggage to be delivered to passengers at six major airports in India. The operations of seven airlines were scrutinized across 3,600 flights.

A statement by the ministry said that the review exercise began in January and was still ongoing.

It also said that though the performance of all airlines with regards to baggage delivery had improved, it didn’t meet the mandated guidelines.

It added that according to the mandate, the first baggage should arrive at the baggage belt “within 10 minutes of shutting off the aircraft engine and the last bag within 30 minutes of the same”.

Indian passengers have frequently voiced their frustration with the baggage delivery process at airports.

Sometimes, baggage has been delayed for close to an hour, and the wait time gets longer if there are technical issues with the baggage belt.

Over the past few months, the aviation ministry has been taking several steps to make air travel more seamless.

Last week, it ordered the international airport in India’s financial capital, Mumbai, to reduce flights to avoid congestion of air traffic and improve landing time

West Bank Palestinians paying the price for Gaza war

Kamal Karaja with his daughters
Image caption,Kamal Karaja was working on a construction site in Israel before the war

Kamal Karaja used to earn $3,500 (£2,780; €3,250) a month working on construction sites in Israel – a good living for a Palestinian in the occupied West Bank.

But after the Hamas assault on Israel on 7 October, and the retaliatory Israeli air strikes and ground invasion of the Gaza Strip, his permit was cancelled. Israel cited “security concerns”.

“I waited for the war to end but it’s still ongoing,” says the 32-year-old, from the town of Deir Bzi, just outside Ramallah.

“I had to sell my car after a month due to money problems.”

The Palestinian Authority (PA) says 200,000 workers are affected, mostly in the West Bank.

Kamal says his three-year-old daughter Zeina “notices that I’m not buying as much food and vegetables for the house as before”.

“She asks me why I no longer buy her chocolate and crisps.”

Hundreds of men in Kamal’s town are sitting at home for the same reason – and the economy has ground to a halt.

After months of job-seeking, Kamal got two weeks’ work on a construction site in the West Bank.

But his employer had to lay him off due to the worsening financial situation.

He has now started cutting down trees and selling firewood to local residents.

“Selling firewood is worth 2% of the salary I used to get from working in Israel,” says Kamal.

An Israeli checkpoint
Image caption,Israeli checkpoints used to be crammed with Palestinian workers waiting to cross into Israel

He did not receive any compensation from the authorities or his employer when his permit was cancelled.

Like many other Palestinian workers, he was employed without a contract.

Foreign worker campaign

Palestinians working in Israel – and those working in Israeli settlements in the West Bank – accounted for nearly one in five of all Palestinian workers before 7 October, according to official Palestinian figures.

Israeli settlements in the occupied West Bank are considered illegal under international law, though Israel disputes this.

The workers contributed $3.2bn annually to the Palestinian economy, with most employed in construction.

While some Israeli business groups lobbied for Palestinian workers to be allowed back, the government has come up with a different plan.

It wants to replace Palestinian workers and plans to admit more than 60,000 workers from India, China, Moldova, Sri Lanka and Thailand this year.

The head of the Palestinian General Federation of Trade Unions, Shaher Saad, has criticised Israel’s decision.

“There were about 105,000 Palestinians working in construction in Israel,” Mr Saad told BBC Arabic, adding that they were all unemployed now.

“The agreements between Palestinian and Israeli unions force employers to pay compensation to workers due to the cessation of work.

“But the Israeli employers evade paying their dues and there is no law in Israel that forces them to do so.”

Mr Saad added that it would be “unrealistic and difficult” to replace the expertise of Palestinian workers in the construction, agriculture, tourism and service sectors.

Electricity and water cuts

Bassam Karaja (no relation), a Palestinian father-of-four from Ramallah, has also found himself forced into poverty after his work permit was cancelled.

He can no longer afford to pay his bills, so his electricity and water have been cut off.

“I was never late in paying the electricity and water company while I was working in Israel these past 10 years,” says Bassam.

“But when I stopped working, they stopped their service.”

Image caption,Ramallah in the West Bank – the headquarters of the Palestinian Authority

Bassam used to earn $4,000 per month while working in Israel.

He says the past four months have been the worst since the Covid pandemic, where he was at least able to work part-time.

Bassam accuses the Palestinian Authority, led by President Mahmoud Abbas, of neglecting workers, and says they could have provided financial aid or at least stopped the utility firms withdrawing their services.

Since the start of the war, the unemployment rate in the Palestinian territories has jumped from 23% to 47%.

The Palestinian economy has also contracted by 35%, according to Labour Minister Nasri Abu Jeish.

Mr Jeish said the PA had asked donor countries and the International Labour Organisation for help but “they haven’t heard back yet”.

The Palestinian Authority was already suffering financially before the war, but now it is even worse.

Israel collects tax revenues on behalf of the PA, worth about $188m per month.

This money is used by the PA to pay civil servant salaries and fund public services in both Gaza and the West Bank.

As a sign of the growing crisis, the PA only paid staff their December salary a few days ago, at a reduced rate of 60%.

It’s estimated that the PA spends about 30% of its budget in Gaza, even though Hamas has run the territory since 2007.

Israel said in November that it would not allow any money to go to Hamas in Gaza, stripping this funding out.

The PA refused to receive the reduced tax revenues from Israel, forcing it to cut salaries.

There seems to be no end in sight.

“We thank God that we are still able to provide food and water to our families,” says Kamal.

“The butcher understands my situation because he’s a relative – but I can only last another month.”

Jokowi dulu dan sekarang, antara ‘harapan dan kenyataan’

Jokowi pemilu
Keterangan gambar,Presiden Jokowi

Mengawali karier politik sebagai wali kota Solo, berlanjut menjabat gubernur DKI Jakarta, kemudian menjadi presiden Indonesia, Joko Widodo disebut sebagai sosok pembawa “harapan baru”.

Namun, di penghujung kekuasaan Jokowi sebagai presiden, banyak kalangan – termasuk dari pendukungnya – menuduh pengusaha mebel itu mengonsolidasikan “oligarki” dan sedang ingin melanggengkan kekuasaan dengan merancang putra sulungnya, Gibran Rakabuming Raka, melaju ke Pilpres 2024.

Hal ini tak lain, karena wacana penundaan pemilu dan tiga periode, kandas.

Jokowi pemilu
Keterangan gambar,Presiden Jokowi dalam jamuan makan siang bersama tiga bakal capres Prabowo Subianto, Ganjar Pranowo, dan Anies Baswedan pada 30 Oktober 2023.

Akan tetapi, tuduhan politik dinasti ini dibantah Jokowi dengan mengatakan, “Ya, itu kan masyarakat yang menilai.”

Tingkat kepuasan publik terhadap kinerja Presiden Jokowi sejauh ini masih di atas 50%. Namun, suara yang kecewa disertai keretakan hubungan dengan PDI Perjuangan (PDIP) berpotensi mengerek turun sentimen positif tersebut.